Prurit/o definition = itching sensation or itchiness.
The word prurito is both a Spanish and an Italian word. Its English counterpart is pruritus.
Pruritus is a medical condition that means itchiness and irritation. The cause of pruritus can vary, but it is often the result of an underlying health condition.
Common causes of pruritus
1. Dry skin
When the skin becomes too dry, it can lead to pruritus. This can be caused by weather conditions, such as low humidity, or by certain medical conditions, such as eczema.
Allergies can also cause the skin to become irritated, leading to pruritus. Allergies can be to anything, including certain foods, pollen, or pet dander.
3. Insect bites
Some insects, such as mosquitoes, can leave behind irritating substances that can cause pruritus.
4. Medical conditions
There are a number of medical conditions that can cause pruritus. These include kidney disease, liver disease, Hodgkin’s disease, and certain types of cancer.
Some medications, such as those used to treat high blood pressure or arthritis, can cause pruritus.
If you are experiencing pruritus, it is important to see a doctor to determine the cause. Once the cause is determined, treatment can be started.
Treatment for pruritus depends on the underlying cause. If the cause is dry skin, treatment may involve using a humidifier or using moisturizing lotions and creams (emollients). If the cause is an allergy, treatment may involve avoiding the allergen or taking medication to relieve the symptoms. If the cause is an insect bite, treatment may involve using a topical cream or ointment to relieve the itchiness, and may require the additional use of antibiotics e.g. tick bites that cause Lyme disease. If the cause is a medical condition, treatment will depend on the specific condition.
Read more on the management of pruritus from a trusted medical site (MDScene.com is not affiliated with Patient.info or WebMD, however, these sites are widely used and trusted by medical professionals). Here is the patient-friendly version for non-medical people. And here is the WebMD article on pruritus.