Nephr/o, Nephr/o medical term | Nephrectomy

happy kidney. Nephr/o medical term. Nephr/o definition

Table of Contents

Nehr/o Definition

The word nephro (nephro/o) is a medical prefix used to refer to the kidneys or kidney-related things. It takes its origin from the Greek word nephrós, meaning ‘a kidney’.

Examples of nephrotoxic drug groups

NSAIDs

ACE-i (Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) e.g. Ramipril

ARB (Angiotensin-II Receptor Blockers) e.g. Losartan

Thiazide diuretics e.g hydrochlorothiazide

Sulfonamides e.g. cotrimoxazole

Beta-lactam antibiotics e.g. penicillins

Aminoglycoside antibiotics

Fluoroquinolone antibiotics e.g. ciprofloxacin

Systemic antivirals e.g. aciclovir

Lithium

Antineoplastic agents

Examples of words derived from nephr/o including Nephrectomy

Nephron – the functional unit of the kidney. The tiny structures that process blood to remove waste in the form of urine.

Nephrologist – the kidney doctor, who specialises in the management of kidney and kidney-related complex diseases

Nephrology – the study of kidney diseases

Nephrectomy – the surgical removal of a kidney

Nephrotoxic drugs – drugs that can damage the kidney

Nephrostomy – a plastic tube inserted into the kidney to drain excessive urine out into a collecting bag. This is inserted surgically when the kidney is no longer able to drain urine e.g. blockage

Nephrotic syndrome – a kidney disease that causes the body to leak out an excess of protein via the urine. This can result in limb swelling and increase the risk of infection.

Nephrolithiasis – kidney stones

Note: MDScene is not affiliated with the inter/national journals referenced (via hyperlink), however, they are held in high regard within the scientific community and used by health professionals worldwide

YOU MAY ALSO ENJOY THESE ARTICLES

This website uses cookies to ensure you get the best experience on our website.