Nephr/o, Nephr/o medical term | Nephrectomy

happy kidney. Nephr/o medical term. Nephr/o definition

Table of Contents

Nehr/o Definition

The word nephro (nephro/o) is a medical prefix used to refer to the kidneys or kidney-related things. It takes its origin from the Greek word nephrós, meaning ‘a kidney’.

Examples of nephrotoxic drug groups


ACE-i (Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors) e.g. Ramipril

ARB (Angiotensin-II Receptor Blockers) e.g. Losartan

Thiazide diuretics e.g hydrochlorothiazide

Sulfonamides e.g. cotrimoxazole

Beta-lactam antibiotics e.g. penicillins

Aminoglycoside antibiotics

Fluoroquinolone antibiotics e.g. ciprofloxacin

Systemic antivirals e.g. aciclovir


Antineoplastic agents

Examples of words derived from nephr/o including Nephrectomy

Nephron – the functional unit of the kidney. The tiny structures that process blood to remove waste in the form of urine.

Nephrologist – the kidney doctor, who specialises in the management of kidney and kidney-related complex diseases

Nephrology – the study of kidney diseases

Nephrectomy – the surgical removal of a kidney

Nephrotoxic drugs – drugs that can damage the kidney

Nephrostomy – a plastic tube inserted into the kidney to drain excessive urine out into a collecting bag. This is inserted surgically when the kidney is no longer able to drain urine e.g. blockage

Nephrotic syndrome – a kidney disease that causes the body to leak out an excess of protein via the urine. This can result in limb swelling and increase the risk of infection.

Nephrolithiasis – kidney stones

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